Young adults' attitudes to the COVID-19 vaccine in Liverpool

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Summary of report content

Following the COVID-19 vaccination programme being opened to under 25s, Healthwatch Liverpool carried out a survey and ran focus groups with young-adults aged 16-25 years old to gain an insight into the thoughts and opinions of this group around vaccination.

They found that:

  • A high percentage of young adults who participated were very positive about the COVID-19 vaccine.
  • However, some raised concerns about its side-effects. Concerns surrounding the perceived long-term effects on fertility were specifically mentioned several times by those identifying as female.
  • Concerns mentioned by those identifying as male related to the necessity of the vaccine for fit, healthy and young people.
  • The main incentive for the young adults to take up the vaccine, was so that they could return to normal life and be able to meet family and friends whilst keeping them protected.
  • Most people said that the distance needed to travel, or the brand of vaccine would not affect their decision to take up the vaccine. However, some expressed concern about not having access to transport or not wanting to use public transport due to concerns about catching COVID-19. Some were also concerned about the Astra Zeneca vaccine and the risk of blood clots.
  • The main reasons for vaccine hesitancy was concerns about its side effects on fertility and the speed of its developments.
  • Most respondents said that their views of the COVID-19 vaccine were influenced by their families, with health and social care staff being the second most popular influence.
  • Those over the age of 22 were more hesitant to take up the vaccine than younger age groups, who were more likely to say yes.
  • The respondents in this survey said that, if given the option, they would prefer to have their vaccination done within a healthcare or education setting.

Healthwatch Liverpool have made seven recommendations to improve the uptake of COVID-19 vaccine in younger age groups.

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General details

Report title 
Young adults' attitudes to the COVID-19 vaccine in Liverpool
Local Healthwatch 
Healthwatch Liverpool
Date of publication 
Tuesday, 7 December, 2021
Date evidence capture began 
Tuesday, 1 June, 2021
Date evidence capture finished 
Thursday, 30 September, 2021
Key themes 
Health protection
Information providing

Methodology and approach

Was the work undertaken at the request of another organisation? 
What type of organisation requested the work 
If this work has been done in partnership, who is the partner? 
Primary research method used 
Focus group
If an Enter and View methodology was applied, was the visit announced or unannounced? 

Details of health and care services included in the report

Community services 

Details of people who shared their views

Number of people who shared their views 
Age group 
16-17 years
18-24 years
Sexual orientation 
Prefer not to say
Not known
Does the information include public's views? 
Does the information include carer's, friend's or relative's views? 
Does the information include staff's views? 
Types of health and care professionals engaged 
What was the main sentiment of the people who shared their views? 

Outcomes and impact

Were recommendations made by local Healthwatch in the report? 
Does the information contain a response from a provider? 
Not applicable
Is there evidence of impact in the report? 
Is there evidence of impact external to the report? 

Network Impact
Relationships that exist locally, regionally, nationally have benefited from the work undertaken in the report
Implied Impact
Where it is implied that change may occur in the future as a result of Healthwatch work. This can be implied in a provider  response, press release or other source. Implied impact can become tangible impact once change has occurred.
Tangible Impact
There is evidence of change that can be directly attributed to Healthwatch work undertaken in the report.